In Ayurveda, the term “Basti” refers to one of the primary methods of treatment, which involves administering therapeutic substances through the rectum. Basti therapy is an essential component of Panchakarma, the traditional detoxification and rejuvenation protocol in Ayurveda. There are several types of Basti, each with its specific indications and benefits. Here, I’ll provide an overview of some of the different bastis in Ayurveda:

Anuvasana Basti

This is an oil-based enema that involves the introduction of medicated oils or ghee (clarified butter) into the rectum. Anuvasana basti is typically used to nourish and rejuvenate the body, especially in cases of Vata dosha imbalance, constipation, or dryness.

Niruha Basti (Decoction Enema)

Niruha Basti involves the administration of a decoction made from herbs, along with other ingredients like honey, salt, or oils, through the rectum. It is used to treat a wide range of health conditions, including digestive disorders, arthritis, and gynecological issues.

Matra Basti

This is a mild form of Basti, where only a small quantity of medicated oil or decoction is administered. Matra Basti is often used as a maintenance therapy for promoting general health and well-being.

Uttara Basti

Uttara Basti is a specialized form of Basti used in gynecological disorders. It involves the introduction of medicated oils or decoctions through the urethra or vaginal canal, depending on the condition. It is particularly beneficial in managing conditions like infertility and certain menstrual disorders.

Karma Basti

Karma Basti is a combination of both Anuvasana (oil-based) and Niruha (decoction-based) Basti. It is typically administered over a specified course of treatment and is considered a more comprehensive form of Basti therapy.